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Ancient Ostia (Ostia Antica), Rome, Italy
Ostia is ancient port city of Rome which lies twenty miles from Rome, in the meadows between the Tiber River and the Tyrrhenian Sea. It was founded in the 4th century BC, as a military colony to guard the river mouth against invasions through sea. By the 2nd century AD, it had become a flourishing commercial center. The apartment buildings, taverns, and grocery shops are still intact.
You can easily get there using Rome's transit system.

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Piazza Navona, Rome, Italy
The remains of the Circus Domitianus lie under the buildings that surround Piazza Navona. You can see a part of this from turning left after the north exit. The piazza also marks the area for the races in the stadium. It features many old buildings, a beautiful church and three stunning fountains. It was in the arena that the twelve-year-old Christian, Agnes, refused to marry a pagan and was thus martyred on the spot where the church of Sant'Agnese is located. In ancient times the stadium was the site of the Agonal games, from which the present piazza takes its name. At the centre of piazza lies Bernini's most spectacular fountain, la Fontana dei Fiumi erected in 1651. It features a central rocky structure that supports an obelisk that was an ancient Roman imitation of the Egyptian form. Around this structure are four giant statues by Bernini's pupils following his designs representing the Nile, the Danube, the Ganges, and the Rio del la Plata, each representing one of the four quarters of the world. To the western side of the piazza stands the delightful church of Sant'Angese in Agone. It was in this location that Agnese was exposed naked, but miraculously covered by the prodigious growth of her hair. The church was commissioned by Pope Innocent X in 1652.. Not long after the project was initiated Francesco Borromini took control of it and was responsible for the completion of the dome and building the twin bell towers. The concave facade was also his design. It is believed that one of the statues in Bernini's fontana dei fiumi is covering his face so as not to look at the church, because of an intense rivalry between the two artists. However, the dates of the construction of each shows that the fountain was built first. Strangely, there is a solitary statue above the facade of the church that is looking away, when it would be normal for it to be facing the fountain. At the northern end is the fontana di Nettuno , Neptune, the basin of which was by Giacomo della Porta (1576) and the statues of Neptune and the Nereids were from last century. And at the southern end is the fontana del Moro, which was also designed by Bernini and features the statue of a Moor fighting with a dolphin.

Piazza del Popolo, Rome, Italy
Considered as one of the best urban works in Rome, it was planned by Valadier at the beginning of the 19th century. Via Faminia also started here, which linked Rome with the main cities of the State of the Church.

A good tour for all of Rome: Rome Shuttle Hop On Hop Off Tour

San Giovanni in Laterano, Rome, Italy
San Giovanni is the oldest church in the world. It is Rome's cathedral, founded by Constantine in the IV century. It was destroyed and reconstructed many times. For the 1650 Jubilee, Borromini created the current appearance. There are colored marble niches and statutes of the apostles around the inside. In 1735, Alessandro Galilei added 15 more statues to the church to make it look like what it does today. The basilica's actual shape dates back to the XII century.
Address: Piazza S. Giovanni in Laterano Rome, 00184 Italy 06 669 8643

Santa Maria in Trastevere, Rome,Italy
This 5th-century church features Michelangelo's sculpture of Moses that adorns the incomplete tomb of Pope Julius II. The present day basilica was built under Pope Innocentius II (1138-1148), out of materials plundered from the Baths of Caracalla. The first church on this site dates back to Pope Julius I (the middle of the 4th century AD). Beautiful marbles and sculptures can be admired in the portico, as well as inscriptions which originate from inside the basilica or from the catacombs. In the evenings, everyone comes out to talk and eat gelato (Italian ice cream) around the fountain.

Trastevere Rome, Italy
This busy and lively neighborhood has the look and feel of a traditional small Italian town, with people shopping, chatting, drinking espresso and going about their daily business. It was originally built to be a warehouse for storage. It was later changed into very desirable residential quarter. There are still some well-preserved medieval houses and on some of the walls of the buildings you can see the graffiti the soldiers wrote while they were on guard for the emperor. The Trastevere quarter in Rome is extremely popular with both Romans and tourists to Italy. Trastevere is an ideal area for exploring the historical parts of Rome on foot. Saint Peter's is about twenty minutes away and upon crossing the Tiber river you get to Campo dei Fiori, Piazza Navona, the Spanish Steps, the Roman Forum, and many other sights. On Sunday mornings, there is a nice flea market in Trastevere: Porta Portese market. Open: 7am -1pm best entrance; viale di Trastevere & via Ippolito Nievo

 

Villa Borghese Rome, Italy
This villa was constructed at the beginning of the 17th century for Cardinal Scipione Caffarelli Borghese, nephew of Pope Paul V. The paintings and sculptures of villa are spectacular. It is surrounded by one of the largest and most beautiful public parks in Rome. It is not very big and tours are restricted to number of people and time allowed, which makes the walk through Villa Borghese very comfortable. You might want to take an audio guide.

The Obelisks in Rome
Rome's 15 obelisks were stolen or "permanently borrowed" by its emperors from Egypt or the Levant. The obelisks stand on often-ornate pediments and decorate squares or piazzas throughout the city. They are very charming, pay attention to them in your walks in the various squares of Rome.

Pompeii
The site of Pompeii is located close to Rome in  Campania, near the Bay of Naples. This ancient city has seen many wars and earthquakes in its history. In 79 A.D., Mount Vesuvius erupted and obliterated Pompeii and Herculaneum. Beneath the lava ruins rests a freeze - frame of high style Roman living, thanks in part to the plumberium, workers of lead. Since 1758 when excavation began in Pompeii, palaces of the Caesars and private homes of the nouveau riche merchants and court hangers-on have emerged along with theaters, dance halls and circuses. In addition, grand-style temples and amphitheaters were uncovered, along with elaborate public baths for hundreds of people, and a water supply system for both private and public needs.

If you have a day in Rome and would like to get out of the city, this is an excellent destination. We recommend the full day Naples and Pompeii tour if you want to see this magnificent ancient city
 

 

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